Deineka is a Soviet painter who preferred a genre scene to all other genres, and socialist realism, which is characterized by great accuracy, some angularity, the absence of unnecessary details and the obvious singing of the socialist system, to styles. He was a party, at one time he participated in the defense of Kursk from the whites. Its mosaics adorn some stations of the Moscow metro - for example, Mayakovskaya and Novokuznetskaya.
"Defense of Petrograd" is one of his epic paintings. The preparation for writing it was long, but it took only two weeks to directly work with the canvas and paints - the concept was already ready, many sketches were created and it was enough to just transfer the plan to paper.
The picture is divided, as it were, into two tiers, and soldiers are walking along both. Below - healthy and strong, only going to war. Their commander Deineka wrote from a real military commander, whose type he really liked.
Their figures are schematic in their own way, to distinguish living colors, facial expressions, details of costumes in them, you need to take a closer look - they walk in the snow, and the artist wrote that people in the snow always appear to him only as silhouettes of people, which was reflected in the picture. Among the soldiers there are nurses, all of them with arms, their faces are harsh and express their readiness to fight to the end.
The wounded, returning from the war, are walking along the upper tier. Even more sketchy, crumpled, skewed, they no longer create a feeling of strength and inflexibility, leaving only pity and some kind of deep misunderstanding of the meaning of the war.
As the healthy go beyond the edge of the picture, like the wounded, a peculiar cyclicality is created, a dreary cycle of composition, which shows how meaningless any war is and how much it is, in essence, endless.
Ninth Shaft Picture